Skillful Hand Garden, the experience of cultivation on Desert Rose

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Scientific term : Adenium obesum
English name : Desert rose
Faculty Pieh :

The Desert rose (Shar Mo Mei Qway) is part of the Apocynaceae family, mostly as trees, bansai, and shrubs. They are also in names of Tian Bow Fa, Aye Shi Chi Don Fa, or Fu Qway Fa, originated from East Africa's dry and desert areas. Due to it's flower bloom is very extraodinary, and the coloring of the flower has colors like the red rose, it is called "Desert Rose."

The desert rose blooms between April through October. It has 5 petals and blooms like a funnel. It cotains colors of dark red, light red, pure white etc. with the pistils and stamens hidden inside the throat; seeds are shaped like bull horns with soft fur on each end of the seed, and when harvest time is around, you can have seeds flying all over the place. The origin of this flower is from East Africa where it is desert like, and because of it's romatic and passionate coloring like the Rose, it is named as "Desert Rose."

The Desert Rose started out living in desert areas, where the temperature is usually very hot and dry. In order of the Desert Rose to survive in the harsh weather conditions, within the stems are many tissues which can store water. So with enough sunlight the Desert Rose will bloom. Therefore, sunlight, the right amount of water and keeping the plant dry are very important. And before you water, the soil of the plat must be dry.

Cultivation Importances

[Carrier]: Anything that can help water pass through swiftly, or else it will start to rot from the roots.

[Temperature]: Best in 20~35 Celcius. Taiwan's climate is a very decent place to grow adeniums, but because the adenium itself wasn't from cold climates, during winter time it has a slower groth rate. If the climate is lower than 12 Celcius, proceedures in keeping plants warm is very crutial. Meaning plants may need to be stored indoors or else the plants will go into a winter recess. To prevent leafs from falling off, due to colder climate, spray a bit of Magnesium on the plant to help fight the cold off.

[Sunshine]: The Desert Rose likes to be in dry places, along with enough sunlight. Therefore, it is best to grow them outdoors. But if you plant indoors, the stem will be thin, the leafs will breed yello, and will not bloom.

[Watering]: During the Spring, Autum and Winter seasons, water every other day or two days. During the Summer season, water every day or every other day.

[Fertilisation]: Remember to use Elements of N, P, and K for fertilizing. N is good for growing of the stems. P will help make the stems stronger to grow seeds. K will help to grow flowers. Now that you understand how the elements help, you will have no problems purchasing fertilizers. Last but not least, spray a bit of Mg to help the coloring of the flower and fight cold climates.

[Propagation]: Inseminate

[Blooming season]: Spring, Summer, Autum.

[Pest]: Pseudococcidae, aphids and spider mites are the mostly occured pests. Usually pests are not really the thing to worry about. But root rotting, if occur, you may need to cut off the part of the root and soak with detergent to avoid further damage to the roots. After repotting the plant back, water with detergent 2~3 times each week.

[Poissanous parts]: The white fluid is very poissanous. If dogs or children accidently eats a leaf or white liquid, heart rates will increase, heart beats will been in disorder causing heart attacks. P.S. the taste of the white fluid is very bitter, anyone who tries once will not intend to try it again.

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Skillful Hand Garden, the experience of cultivation on Desert Rose 1 .........

The Quality of Cultivation

Coarse Black Sand or Coarse Yellow Sand, Carbonized rice hull, and artificial Soil (small waste cotton). The ratio should be 6:3:1

How to Sprinkle Your Plants:

During the Spring and Fall seasons, it is better to water your plants in the morning when the sun starts to rise. In the Summer it would be best to water your plants just before sunset.  Winter it would be best to water when temperature during the day gets up to 20C, which may be 10:30 am.

The Importance of Fertilizer:

Start applying fertilizer in the last ten days of March, as well as, the last ten days of August are very important point to applying fertilizer. Both period of time when apply fertilizer, the fertilizer must be stress on (P), whereas on the other months you can just annex the fertilizer with (K), because the quality of sand fertilizer wears off quickly, so it is better to use organism grain and the liquid chemical fertilizer. 

When to Change the Pot:

Encouraging seedlings to produce more flowers and make corpulent caudex.

 In Taiwan, the seedlings for bloom in May, it is good time to change the basin from June to August.
Then the adeniums will bloom in October again.

If you really not care the blooming, you just want to change the pot and let seedlings grow bigger.
You can change the pot from March to October, but, maybe the seedlings will bloom less.

Experience on inseminate:

For lucrative people, to inseminate is in March the best. For household gardening inseminate from March to October would do fine.

Skillful Hand Garden, the experience of cultivation on Desert Rose 2.........

The traditional way of cultivating the Desert Rose is not by flooding it with water. But with the usage of cow muck or chicken muck with grains for most parts. The advantage of cultivation is the quality of cultivation is inexpensive, do not try to grow it during a raining season, the ventilation needs to be good, so the plants are not putrescent and obituary easily. The disadvantages, however, are storing water within the plant will not be easy, and will effect the opportunity for the plants to grow, the plant dies easily during the raining season, as the plant gets bigger it is less able to transport. However the chicken muck can attract insects. And other disadvantages such as increase of water costs, electricity costs and pesticides.

Skillful Hand Garden, the experience of cultivation of Desert Rose 3.........

The new improve kind of my Desert Rose won¡¦t be afraid of water than of those the traditional ones, plus with  the help in order to produce better qualities are Carbonization rice hull, artificial soil <small waste cotton>, and the coarse sand, The advantages for my new improved kind is that you don¡¦t need to  water too often, it is lighter, and the Carbonization rice hull benefit to the growth of root, itself is already a potassium and can absorb the nitrogen fertilizer. The artificial soil can cause the sand quality to not compress that easily, can provide ventilation space as well, also store water and fertilizer. Plus the usage of artificial organism, liquid chemical fertilizer, can decrease damages caused by insects, this way it increases the plant to grow faster and better. The disadvantages, however, is the cost for the quality and artificial organism to increase.

The point explication of mate:

If you wish to produce successful seeds, the flower itself needs a strong profile. Then when you first discovers there are seeds popping out, within a week be sure to spray fertilizers every day so that seeds want die on the process of growth.

Choose those of the dominate genes of the flowers you wish to pollinate. And of course, you need to know the origins of the flowers you pollinate with. For example: the Asian Star is the third generation of the White Flower.

One of the key events on how to produce good offspring are:  

    1. When the flower blooms, you would need to pollinate it within 2~4 days.

    2. Try your best not to let any water flow through into the pistil.

    3. Then pick a pollinia that is more mature than those that are not.

Ex. A mature pollinia will be like a flower that is full bloom.
Whereas an immature pollinia the flower will be like twisted around and bundled up. Keep on trying and be sure to take notes.

Despise the differences of breeds. Pollination can take up to 10~30days, and 90~180days to have a full bloom. What I use to pollinate is a NT$10 paintbrush (US$ 20 cents), and if the brush has too much hair, I usually cut off some.

Do keep in mind. Some people may be only concerned of getting the seeds off the current flowers they harvest. But to produce something more extraordinary from the flowers we have. Which is what I intend to do.

 Welcoming to Taiwan to visit desert rose

Let me introduce myself again. My name is CHI-LUNG KO, Taiwan cans say the person of the an English-person language a lot. When you arrive at my garden, I can use translation software to help me translate English. I want to suggestion you, as if go to Thailand the same, employ a guide in the Taiwan?
So, you can have more time to go shopping for the plants you like!

Kaohsiung International Airport in Taiwan is near to my garden. It is about an hour drive from there. Hotel is very convenient in Taiwan, so you may book a hotel near Tainan City. Tainan City is near my garden, which is about half an hour drive.

In the Taiwanese market today, we are in shortage of good Desert Rose. The price of Desert Rose is rising 20% this year. (The cause is that Desert Rose export to Mainland China a lot within the two years) Lately, there are many new pretty kinds of flowers produced in Taiwan. The new kinds that are not available in Taiwan is about 3 to 6 kinds. New kinds of Desert Rose are different in price. (about  grafted of young plants on quality) Grafted plants have many kinds, so there is a difference in price. It's because there many kinds of young breeds  and different heights of grafted, so the prices are different.  

If you always order a lot, then you may understand why grafted plants are not that predictable, you may not always get what you want. It is not a machine. We can only make sure one thing that is we don't sell a smaller scale than of the customer's request. If you always order only a few, then you must clearly state your scales. Then we can do our best on satisfying your need of the Desert Rose. If you want to order my seeds of Desert Rose or young plants that is grafted, then you can follow the procedures below.

Three Important things to bare in mind

1.Do you need a quarantine certificate? (The cost of a quarantine certificate is 1000NT$s.)If you need any    other quarantine items, then please mention it on your reply letter.

2. If you are afraid of your purchase being withheld at customs, we recommend you apply for a quarantine certificate. Because the quarantine certificate is one of the key elements to successful trade.

3.Due to some of the clients who purchase only a few items, or only a small number of the same items from us, you don't really need a quarantine certificate. But we will hold no responsibility if the purchased stock is

being withheld at customs or at any check points that requires a quarantine certificate.

Most customers uses regular postage, which is cheaper, but more time consuming. But if you wish your purchase to be delivered prompted, then please state which kind of international mailing service you would like for your delivery Currently there is : Express, EMS and DHL for better prompt and more efficient delivery in Taiwan.

The Secrets of having 95% germination rate for Adenium:

1. The best temperature for Adenium to survive is from 20 to 35J.
2. Selecting fresh seeds or seeds that are harvested during three months to sow.
3. Before sowing, soak the seeds into water for at least two to four hours. If you are using water-tube to water the seeds, you must soak them for two to four hours. Otherwise, if you water the seeds by sprinkling, you can sow them first and then just sprinkle them for 15 minutes.
4. The first week for sowing, please keep the appropriate wet for the soil in order to have better sprout.
5. Once the seeds sprout and grow two leaves, please decrease the wet of environment (soil). Before watering, the surface of the soil needs to be dry.
6. It only takes two weeks for the seeds to sprout and grow into 1-2 cm in diameter, and the temperature must be kept in the range of 22~35J. In addition, I have to declare that I do not use fertilizers in my soil.
7. After the seeds have sprouted, add fertilizer into water and then sprinkle them. In that way, the leaves can also absorb the fertilizers. Fertilizers used as N,P,K, for every 4 to 5 days until the plants need to change their pots into a three-inch pot.
8. The soil for the three-inch basin would require fertilizers for the long-term, which means that the Adenium would need to be fertilized about every ten days.

Picture of Sowing Experiences

About Seeds:

I use hand pollinate, so it has low possibility (20%-30%) to grow into pink adenium. Most of them have characters of their parents.
The red, white and whit with red border adenium are more stable.
Although seed is not guaranteed to look exactly like the parent plant, some will look exactly like the parent, while others may have only certain characteristics in common with the parent. This is how new varieties are created.
It needs time and luck to produce the new kinds which are better than their parents.

Basic Adenium obesum seeds: These are sold in packets of 10 seeds each assortment with a minimum order. Seeds are normally sent by Provisory Special Post and a quarantine certificate is available. Seeds are shipped fresh and will give a minimum of 75% germination (usually more); however, as is usual in the seed trade, because germination conditions and numerous factors are outside our control, no express guarantee is provided. We have never had any problems so far. If you want to buy in large qty ( 100,000 seeds ), it is better to have import licence.
If you only want to buy in small qty, I will apply for quarantine certificate for you.

2017 The Successful Artificial Pollination....

1.Pink: It reaches 85% for pink seeds to bear pink flowers.
2.White: It reaches 95% for white seeds to bear white flowers.
3.Red: It reaches 95% for red flowers seeds to bear red flowers.
4.Stripe Lined: It reaches 70% for stripe-lined seeds to bear striped-lined flowers.
5.Dark Purple: It reaches 10% for dark purple seeds to bear dark purple flowers.
6.Light Purple: It reaches 30% for light purple seeds to bear light purple flowers.
7.Peach: It reaches 70% for peach seeds to bear peach flowers
8.Red Lining Adenium with Five Petals: It reaches 20% for red lining Adenium with five petals flowers seeds to bear red lining adenium with five petals flowers.
9.Yellow: It reaches 20% for yellow seeds to bear yellow flowers

10.White petal with red curving: It reaches 95% for white petal with red curving seeds to bear white petal with red curving.
11.White Arabicum: It's very a rare variety. According to our experiences, the offsprings of Arabicum only have about thousandth of percentage could grow into the purely white Arabicum. Most of it might be grow into pink color or some of them they might grow into white with red edge or red. Weve tried many ways to improve this issue and hope itll successful blooming the pure white flower sooner.
12. Variegated Leaves White: Basically, variegated leaves is mutant varieties. So far we still can not make sure how many percentage chance that it will grow into exactly like Variegated Leaves. We've been working on developed the better offspring of Variegated Leaves for a long time, but it still need luck to make it grow exactly like its mother plant. So before you order the Variegated Leaves please make sure that you have read this information.
13. New Double and triple layer Adenium: It reaches 30~50% for Double and triple layer seeds to bear Double and triple layer flowers.

Notes: Our seeds have been drying out for preventing from wetness during shipping in case they are ruined by mildew.
When the customers receive the seeds, we suggest them must soak seeds in the water for 2-4 hours before sowing in order to increase the germination rate.
After sowing, keep the soil wet for 10 days until the sprouts appear.
Please take care of the temperature, which will affect the germination rate directly.
The suitable temperature is between 25-35 Celsius degree.
Before you prepare sowing, you have to notice forecast not to meet the rainy days or the cloudy days for the following 7 days.
Or it will affect the germination rate.

From our experiments, the germination rate is between 75% and 98%.
The Adenium seeds I mail to the clients are all harvested freshly.
When you sow our seeds under the temperature of 20 to 35J.
I am able to guarantee the seeds will be able to have more than 80 percent of germination rate.
All of the seeds I mailed to my customers come from my adenium garden.
If you order white, red, and white petal with red curving adeniums, they will have 90% similarity of the pictures you see on my website.

However, the progenies of purple and striped line adenium are more flexible. I haven't been able to keep track of their originalities;
therefore, they are a little hard to be predictable.
It can be guaranteed that all of the seeds which my clients order are from the Adenium garden you see on the website.
If you want the seeds to grow better than those in my pictures, I can tell you that it happens rarely.
If you really keep the seeds under appropriate temperature, it will have a great chance to bloom like the pictures you see on my websit

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